Holi Festival in India 30th of March – 31st of March

History

The Holi festival is celebrated at the end of winter, on the last full moon day of the Hindu lunisolar calendar. The days typically fall in March, but can sometimes be in late February of the Gregorian calendar.

This festival is an ancient Hindu festival with its cultural rituals originally from “Holika”. The festival celebrate the victory of good over evil, and particularly the destruction of a demoness named Holika. The triumph of good over evil is a common theme which resurfaces in many early scriptures and Holi is the festival where the prime theme is the good beating ways evil.

However, this festival has many purposes, for example, the beginning of Spring, a festival that celebrate agriculture and the newly fertile land. Also, for many Hindus this festival means the beginning of the new year, an occasion to reset and renew relationships, end conflicts and rid themselves of accumulated emotional impurities from the past.

Nowadays, Holli has become one of the most celebrated festivals of the year around the world and for Hindu’s, as the time to understand and love each other, where people can renew friendship and express their love for loved ones.

The traditional sources of colours are obtained by mixing primary colours. Artisans produce many of the colours from natural sources in dry powder form. Some of the traditional natural plant-based sources of colours are:

  • Orange and red: The flower of palash or tesu tree, also called the flame of the forest make a bright red and deep orange colour and means both sensuality and purity but also this colour is used for occasions like marriage, birth of a child, and festivals.
  • Green: Dried leaves of gulmohar tree offer a source of green colour. Also, herbs have been used as a source of green pigment. This color represent peace, life and happiness.
  • Yellow: Turmeric plant is a typical source of yellow colour but sometimes this is mixed with chickpeas, bael fruit or species of marigold are alternative sources of yellow. This colours symbolises knowledge, meditation and happiness.
  • Blue: Indigo plant, Indian berries, and jacaranda flowers are typically sources of blue, and represent bravery, determination, manliness and the ability to deal with difficult situations.

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